英语四级考试课程

英语四级考试课程

  • 分类名称:外语课程
  • 更新时间:2021-10-06
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no.1 作文替换词 提升逼格用

1) 大多数人 most people® the majority of the population

2) 我相信 I believe® from my standpoint, from my perspective

I believe most people… → from my perspective, the majority of the population…

3) 经常 often®frequently

4) 必须 must® it is a must for us to…

5) 知道 know® be aware of

6) 因为 because®in that

7) 最后 at last®eventually

8) 然而 but®however

9) 如果 if®provided that

10) 各行各业的人 all kinds of people®people from all walks of life

11) 引起,导致 lead to→contribute to

12) 人 people→individuals

13) 好的 good→desirable, beneficial

14) 坏的 bad→undesirable

15) 很多many→ numerous

16) 越来越 more and more→ a(n) increasing/mounting number of

17) 很 very→extremely

18) 方面 side→aspects

19) 表明 show→demonstrate, indicate

20) 利用 use→utilize

21) 因此/结果 so→therefore

22) 部分 part→proportion

23) 提高 improve→enhance

24) 改变 change→transform

25) 强调/重视 emphasize→ attach great importance to

26) 培养 develop→cultivate

27) 破坏 destroy→undermine

28) 解决 deal with →tackle /figure out

29) 普遍的 everywhere→universal

30) 明显的 obvious→apparent

no.2 英语作文模板

现象解释型模板一

Recently,__________.What amaze us most is_________. It is true that_________. There are many reasons explaining_________.

The main reason is________.What is more__________.Thirdly,__________.As a result_________.

Considering all these,_________.For one thing,________.For another,_________.

In conclusion,__________.

现象解释型模板二

As is known to all,_______.________seem to get accustomed to_________. In fact,_______.

The reasons of________lie in several aspects.

Firstly,________.Secondly,________.Thidly,_______.Finaly,_______. As a matter of fact, ______.On the one hand,_________. On the other hand,__________.

Therefore,___________.

现象解释型模板三

Nowadays,_________.For one thing,__________.For another,_________.It is bvious__________.

Many remarkable factors contribute to_________. First of all,________.In ddition,_________.Thirdly,_________.As to me,_________.As we know,_________.Besides,__________.

In a word,__________.

现象解释型叙事类作文专用模板

It so happened that_________. Just at the moment,_________. It impressed me most because________.What hanppened was_________.

At first,__________.Almost at the same time,_________.What’s more,___________.As a result,___________.As I understand,___________. On the one hand,___________. On the other hand,___________.

Therefpre,____________.

对比选择型模板一

Recently,we may hear quite different opinions__________.Most people take it for granted that________.However,others hold________.A dominant idea is that_______.In this view,_______.Nevertheless,the objectors think________. They argue that________.As to me,I prefer________. On the one hand,________.On the other hand,________.Therefore,_________.

In conclusion,_________.

对比选择型模板二

There is a heated debate over_________. It is commonly accepted that_________. In contrast,others_________.Those who hold the first opinion suggest________.In their view,__________.However,others think__________.They argue that___________.Considering one after another,I stand on the side of_______.First of all,__________.Further more,__________.Thirdly,___________.Therefore,___________.

对比选择型模板三

Different people will offer quite different ideas________.Many people assert__________.However,others believe__________.Some may proclaim___________.They mainlain such an idea because_________.In contrast,the objectors think__________.The argue that_________.As far as I am concerned,I agree to_________.First,________.Second,________.

Last but least,________.In a word,_________.

问题解决型模板一

With the_______of________,________.( 问题出现的背景 ) So it is of graet importance for us to_________.On the one hand,________.On the other hand,_________. However,we have figured out many ways to________. Firstly,________. So long as__________.Secondly,_________.Thirdly,_________.In fact,________.That is because________.In a word,_________.

问题解决型模板二

There has been a discussion recently about________.It is true to the present situation that_________.But_________.As is known to all,there are many ways________.First of all,_______.Further more,_______.Last but not least,________.So it is high time for us to_______.That is because_______.Secondly,_________. Thirdy,__________. All in all,_________.

问题解决型模板三

Nowadays,there is a growing concern on_______.It is certain that________.However,_________.

It well cause many serious results if_______.Firstly,________.Secondly,________.Finaly,________.In spite of all these,there are still many ways________.First of all,________.In addition,________.Thirdly,_________.Only in this way,_________.

12.In a word__________.

写作模板——提纲式作文

1 、 对立观点式

Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X . They point out the fact that 支持 X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持 X 的另一个原因。

However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X . They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理由 。 An example can give the details of this argument:

There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。

A. 有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X , 为什么?

B. 有人认为 X 是坏事, 反对 X ,为什么?

C. 我的看法。

2 . 批驳观点式

Many people argue that 错误观点 。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释 。An example they have presented is that 一个例子 。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响 ) 。

There might be some element of truth in these people ’ s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点 。There are a number of reasons behind my belief.

A .一个错误观点。

B . 我不同意。

( 以下参照辩论文的议论文写法 ) 。

辩论式议论文模版 一、

Some people believe (argue, recognize, think)that 观点 1 . But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点 2 . As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据 1 . More importantly, 论据 2 . Most important of all, 论据 3 . In summary, 总结观点 . As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心 . ( 或 :From above, we can predict that 预测 . )

辩论式议论文 模版 二、

People hold different views about X . Some people are of the opinion that 观点 1 , while others point out that 观点 2 . As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.For one thing, 论据 1 .For another, 论据 2 . Last but not the least, 论据 3 .To conclude, 总结观点 . As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心 . ( 或 From above, we can predict that 预测 . )

辩论式议论文 模版 三、

There is no consensus of opinions among people about X( 争论的焦点 ) 。Some people are of the view that 观点 1 , while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点 2 。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons ar e obvious.

First of all, 论据 1 。Furthermore, 论据 2 。Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据 3 。A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that 总结观点 。

As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心 . ( 或 From above, we can predict that 预测 . )

图表型

图表型 作文模板一 ( 适用于单一图表题型 )

As is seen from the table / graph / chart _____________ ( 图表所描述的事物 A) ascent significantly from __________ ( 数字 1) in __________ ( 年份 1) to ____________ ( 数字 2) in __________ ( 年份 2) while over the same period _______________ ( 图表所描述的事物 B) shrank slightly from _________ ( 数字 3) to ___________ ( 数字 4). It can be observed easily that _____________________________________ ( 分析图表所反映的问题 ).

There are many reasons responsible for this. In the following paragraphs I’ll venture to explore the reasons.

For one thing _________________ ( 原因 1). For another ________________ ( 原因 2). In addition _________________________ ( 原因 3).

However this table / graph / chart may not predict the entire situation in the future I believe ____________________________________ ( 前瞻性猜测和展望 ).

图表型 作文模板二 ( 适用于多个图表题型 )

The figure of the first graph shows that ________________________ ( 简述图表 1 概况 ) while the figure of the second graph shows that _____________________ ( 简述图表 2 概况 ). The relationship between these two figures warns us that ________________________________ ( 指出两表所反映的问题 ).

However there are many effective methods to _____________ ( 解决这一问题 ). For instance ___________________ ( 解决方法 1). At the same time ________________________ ( 解决方法 2).

In a word ________________________________ ( 总结 ). As far as I am concerned the more we understand the situation the better we can do to improve it in the future. Given all these points above I hold the opinion that __________________ ( 重申自己的观点 ).

no.3 英语四级翻译常用句型

1)It is+ 形容词 +that

It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演着一个重要的角色。2)It is+ 形容词 +to do/ doing

She had said what it was necessary to say.

她已经说了一切有必要说的话。

3) 祈使句 / 名词 +and/ or

Work hard, and you will finally be able to reach your destination.努力工作,你就能实现自己的目标。

4)as+many/ much+ 名词 +as

It is said that visitors spend only half as much money in a day in Leeds as in Lon-don.据说,游客每天在利兹的花销仅为在伦敦的一半。

5) 倍数词 +as+ 形容词 +as

The reservoir is three times as big as it was ten years ago.

这个水库的面积是十年前三倍。

6) 倍数词 + more + 名词 / 形容词十 than

Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills seven times more people each year than

automobile accidents.

吸烟对人体健康的危害极大,每年死于吸烟的人比死于车祸的人多七倍。7)(not)as/ so...as( 和 ⋯⋯(不 ) 一样 )

The environmental problems are not as serious as they suggested in their report.

环境问题没有他们在报告中说得那么严重。

8)no more...than( 与 ⋯⋯一样不 )

She is no more fit to be a manager than a schoolgirl would be.

一个女学生固然不宜当经理,她也同样不宜。

9)Nothing is more...than( 没有比 ⋯⋯更 ⋯⋯的 ; ⋯⋯是最 ⋯⋯的 )

Nothing is more important thanto receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

10) 感官动词 +of+ 名词

They hurriedly escaped into a cave that smelt of terror.

他们仓皇地逃人一个充满恐怖气氛的山洞。

11)without/ not so much as( 甚至没有 )

Disappointed with her husband , Mary left home without so much as looking back at him.

出于对丈夫的失望,玛丽离开了家,甚至都没有回头看他一眼。

12)may/ might as well( ⋯as)( 与其 ⋯⋯还不如 ⋯⋯)

One may as well not know a thing at all as know but imperfectly.

与其一知半解还不如彻底蒙在鼓里。

13)too...to( 太⋯⋯而不能 ⋯⋯;极其地 )

It was not too bright of them to settle in an area where earthquakes frequently occur.

他们选择在地震多发的地区定居,这可不是个明智的决定。

14)only to find/ see( 结果却 ; 没想到会 )

He spent almost all his money to buy the hen which was said to be able to lay gold eggs, only to

find it could not lay eggs at all.

为了买那只据说能下金蛋的母鸡,他几乎倾家荡产,没想到这只鸡根本不会下蛋。15)It is undoubted that/ There is no doubt that( 毫无疑问, ⋯⋯)There is no doubt that war can be avoided if we get down to peace talk.毫无疑问,如果我们肯认真和谈就能避免战争。

16)rather than( 而不是 ⋯⋯)

1/ 2

英语四级翻译常用句型

Rather than pursue money to achieve happiness , we should focus on the improvement of

ourselves.

我们应该集中精力改善自我,而不是追求金钱的享乐。17)not... until( 直到 ⋯⋯才 )

We can’t release the film until we have the approval from the authority concerned.直到获得有关当局的批准我们才能发行那部电影。

18)so/ such( ⋯)that( 如此 ⋯⋯以至于 )

With the rumor spreading fast, their anxiety was such that they could not sleep/they became so

anxious that they could not sleep.

在谣言迅速散播的情况下,他们焦虑异常,无法人睡。19)(The) chances are that( 很可能 ⋯⋯)

Chances are that 2 / 2 she has already known it, and there is no need for us to keep the secret.

她很可能已经知道了,所以我们没有必要再保守这个秘密。

20)It occurred to sb. that( 突然想到 ⋯⋯)

It had never occurred to Cinderella she would become a princess someday.辛德瑞拉从来没有想到她会成为一位王妃。

21)not...but...( 不是 ⋯⋯而是 ⋯⋯)

To our disappointment, the plan caused not development but destruction.让我们失望的是,这个计划带来的不是进步而是破坏。

22)It is taken for granted that( ⋯⋯ 被认为是理所当然的 )

It has been taken for granted that women should take on all the housework.多年来人们一直认为女性做家务是理所当然的。

23)It is/ was said that( 据说 )

It is said that man is the least biologically determined species of all because he possesses

features absent in other natural species.

据说人类是生物学上最难归类的物种,因为人类拥有其他天然物种所缺乏的特性。24)When it comes to...( 提及,当提到 ⋯⋯的时候 )

When it comes to physics, I know nothing.

谈到物理学,我一无所知。

25)be not much of a...( 是个不太好的 ⋯⋯)

Mike is not much of a teacher for he often skips from one subject to another.麦克不是个好老师,因为他总是从一个话题跳转到另一个话题。

26)As far as sb./sth. is concerned( 就 ⋯⋯而言,在 ⋯⋯看来 )

As far as I am concerned, fashion belongs to women.在我看来,时尚是属于女性的。

27)not only...but also( 不但 ⋯⋯而且 ⋯⋯)

Shakespeare is not only a great playwright but also a brilliant poet.莎士比亚不仅是一位伟大的剧作家而且是一位才华横溢的诗人。

28)(n) either...(n) or...( 既不 ⋯⋯也不 ⋯⋯;或者 ⋯⋯或者 ⋯⋯)

Liking neither the story nor the background music, he fell asleep in the cinema.他既不喜欢故事情节也不喜欢背景音乐 , 所以在电影院里睡着了。

29)no sooner than/ hardly when/ scarcely when( 刚 ⋯⋯就 ⋯⋯)I had hardly opened the door when he rushed in.

我刚开门他就冲进来了。

30)the more ⋯the more( 越⋯⋯越⋯⋯)

The fastera country ’s economy develops, the slower its population grows.一个国家的经济发展越快,它的人口增长就越慢。

语法类重要知识点

1、虚拟语气的:

  would rather+that从句+一般过去时

  It is vital/ necessary/ important/ urgent/ imperative/ desirable/ advisable/ natural/ essential+that+(should)动词原形

  proposal/suggestion+that+动词原形

  It is time/about time/high time+that+一般过去时

  lest+that+should+动词原形

  if only+that+would+动词原形

  2、状语从句的:

  非if引导的条件状语从句,此类句子多用at times,provided,so long as,in case,once等来替代if;

  由even if/so,now that,for all等引导的让步状语从句;

  just/hardly...when引导的时间状语从句;

  more than,as...as,not so much as,the same as,as much as等引导的比较状语从句。

  3、独立主格结构多以逻辑主语+分词的形式出现。

  4、情态动词多与完成时形式连用。

  5、定语从句重点考查介词+关系代词(which)和as作为关系代词。

词汇类重要知识点

1、动词、名词与介词的搭配:popular/patient+with;yield/solution/adapt/transfer/access+to;accuse/require+of;charge+for;under+discussion

  2、习惯用法:confess to/set about/be used to+doing;be supposed to/have/make sb.+do等。

  3、由同一动词构成的短语:come,go,set,break等构成的短语。

  4、单个的动词,抽象名词,形容词和副词多以近义词、同义词的形式出现。

  5、介词短语在句中作状语如:in terms of;with the exception of;in vain;rather than,other than,such as,none/nothing+but

  6、部分过去式和过去分词不规则变化的动词:

  broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播

  flee (fled, fled) 逃跑

  forbid (forbade, forbidden) 禁止

  forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅

  freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰

  lie –lied –lied 说谎; lie—lay---lain躺下 lay-laid- laid 放置

  seek (sought, sought) 寻求

写作巧句

1.日益昌盛

become increasingly prosperous

2. 快速发展

develop rapidly

3. 隆重集会

gather ceremoniously

4. 热爱和平

love peace

5. 追求进步

pursue progress

6. 履行权利和义务

perform the responsibilities and obligations

7. 回顾奋斗历程

review the course of struggle

8. 展望伟大征程

look into the great journey

9. 充满信心和力量

be filled with confidence and strength

10. 必胜

be bound to win

11.完全意识到

be fully aware that

12.迈出重要的一步

make an important step

13.采取各种措施

adopt various measures

14.得出结论 ,告一段落

draw ( arrive at, come to reach ) a

15.响应号召

respond to the call

16.进入新时期

enter a new period

17.实行新政策

practice new policies

18.展现生机和活力

display one’s vigor and vitality

19.增强综合国力

enhance comprehensive(overall) national strength and international competitiveness

20.进入世界先进行列

edge into the advanced ranks in the world